Amy Edmondson is a Harvard Business School professor who finds deep interest in how leaders initiate collaborative learning in a work environment. She emphasizes the importance of human connection and communication in a dynamic environment and discusses the benefits of being a part of a team. Listen now to discover the benefits of teams in a work environment!
Narrator [00:00:00] Creativity and a learning mindset are essential to succeed. Learn how these innovators put these skills to use to become the best in their fields. Welcome to Innovators to Know brought to you by ideamix.
Sam Jayanti [00:00:14] Today, it’s a pleasure for me to welcome Professor Amy Edmondson to our show. She was one of my professors at Harvard Business School many moons ago, where she’s now a professor of leadership and management, and she’s particularly focused on and interested in how leaders enable the learning and collaboration that are vital to performance in any dynamic environment. She’s written seven books with more on the way it sounds like, and various scholarly papers published in academic and management journals. She’s also a sought after keynote speaker with a worldwide following. The New York Times best selling writer Daniel Pink had this to say about Amy’s book, The Fearless Organization: it’s a book that every leader should read, and heed. Amy, welcome to the show.
Amy Edmondson [00:01:03] Thank you. What a pleasure to be here.
Sam Jayanti [00:01:06] So, Amy, your work has focused on human interactions that really lead to the creation of successful enterprises that are also contributing to bettering society. That’s kind of a lot in a way, right?
Amy Edmondson [00:01:23] Yes, that’s a lot. Yeah. And let me say that second part is really just a premise. It’s almost an act of faith, I assume. I assume that. Well, and it’s not always the case. But when organizations thrive and their employees are engaged in meaningful work, this is good for society.
Sam Jayanti [00:01:42] Yeah, no, absolutely. I agree with you. Even though that sometimes doesn’t happen or gets lost.
Amy Edmondson [00:01:49] Yeah, often falls off the wrong direction.
Sam Jayanti [00:01:51] And I think at various economic moments, it–you know, kind of either fades into or comes more into the fore, right? Tell us about how you view your work within the mission of your role and organizational psychology.
Amy Edmondson [00:02:09] So I increasingly view my work as about helping people swim upstream. I swim upstream against cognitive biases, group dynamics, you know, sort of broader forces that lead us to not naturally do some of the things we need to do to get the results that we want. And so, for instance, we need to really team up and be curious and humble and, you know, unselfish in a way. If you and I are going to work together to sort of create something really hard to do, that’s not easy. And it’s going to take discipline. It’s going to take a genuine interest in each other and a willingness to disagree and all of these things that are absolutely essential to the quality of work. But not easy, right? Don’t come naturally. So leadership is the art of helping people do hard things and helping them in a way where they want to do those hard things. And the number one hard thing, you know, or the category that I’m interested in is learning. We have to keep learning. But not just individually…we have to keep learning together, which is hard because we’re more comfortable knowing.
Sam Jayanti [00:03:27] Yeah, no, absolutely. And in a way, I think in our society within organizations, we have placed a much higher value on knowing than learning.
Amy Edmondson [00:03:39] Right.
Sam Jayanti [00:03:40] And and so we’ve created a sort of cultural construct of, you must know, coming in to a conversation rather than you must ask the questions to learn and then eventually know.
Amy Edmondson [00:03:52] I think, you know, historically, managers were the ones who had the answers and who would tell you what needed to be done and then evaluate how well you did them. And today, I think good managers and good leaders are the ones who have the questions and who know that they’re not subject matter experts in everything. Nobody is. Yeah. And but they’re really good at sort of helping see where we might be missing something, helping draw people in and along and developing people and and sort of dealing with ambiguity and uncertainty. They’re more like, you know, a great manager today is more like a scientist than a old fashioned manager.
Sam Jayanti [00:04:31] Yeah. So in this sort of arc of businesses and our economy and the relationship that work–that individuals have to work, this is a relatively recent occurrence, what you’re describing, which is that managers should be helping enable learning and asking the right questions and actually have to do that to all of their teams, right? It’s not a sort of nice to have…it’s an existential thing. What is it, do you think, that necessitated that shift? Like, why was it okay to not do that before, in a way?
Amy Edmondson [00:05:11] Some of this has been gradual, but I think there’s that there’s, you know, a speeding up of this change. And it’s the change from work, you know, a hundred years ago being largely physical, you know, known standardized tasks, execute on the task, whether–even whether that be a customer service task or a production task to work that is largely knowledge intensive, problem solving work. And a great deal of it is collaborative work, meaning multi disciplinary different people bringing different bits of the puzzle to get it done. And as work becomes more about or more dependent on problem solving and ingenuity and collaboration, then the job of managing is more about creating the conditions where that can happen. Yeah, you know, rather than sort of commanding it to happen because you can’t command it to happen. So I think we’ve just we’ve first gradually, but now all of a sudden it’s just blindingly obvious that you can’t–you can’t sort of require people to be great.
Sam Jayanti [00:06:18] Yeah, you have to help remodel instead.
Amy Edmondson [00:06:21] Just doesn’t work. It’s dead.
Sam Jayanti [00:06:24] Yeah. That makes a lot of sense over a lot of your research. And among the seven books you’ve written, two big themes have emerged so far. I’m sure there more to come. Teamwork and psychological safety. I want to take a quick look at this clip of you explaining teaming.
Amy Edmondson [00:06:45] This remarkable story is a case study in the power of teaming. So what’s teaming? Teaming is teamwork on the fly. It’s coordinating and collaborating with people across boundaries of all kinds, expertise, distance, time zone, you name it, to get work done. Think of your favorite sports team, okay, because this is different. Sports teams work together. That magic, right? Those game saving plays. Now they win. Sports teams win because they practice. But you can only practice if you have the same members over time. And so you can think of teaming. So sports teams embody the definition of a team. The formal definition, it’s a stable, bounded, reasonably small group of people who are interdependent in achieving a shared outcome. You can think of teaming as a kind of pickup game in the park in contrast to the formal well-practiced team. Now, which one’s going to win in a playoff? The answer’s obvious, right? So why do I study teaming? It’s because it’s the way more and more of us have to work today, right? With 24/7 global, fast paced operations, crazy shifting schedules and ever-narrower expertise, more and more of us have to work with different people all the time to get our work done. We don’t have the luxury of stable teams. Now, when you can have that luxury, by all means, do it.
Sam Jayanti [00:08:16] Amy, tell us about teaming in the modern day workplace and how we can facilitate environments where that happens more seamlessly.
Amy Edmondson [00:08:26] Oh yeah. Teaming. Teaming means we’re reaching across boundaries. We’re working with other people, and that’s not easy. So what do you need to do? I think it really it starts with purpose or something that is worth teaming for. And so that could be a compelling purpose. That could be just a really exciting stretch goal that people find themselves motivated to do. It also requires our willingness to sort of learn about each other. It’s a boundary spanning sort of, I need to know more about your ideas, your expertise, and I need to tell you more about mine. And that’s, you know, that’s a crucial part of it. The part that I’ve spent the most time on is psychological safety, which is an environment where people believe that candor is expected., candor is expected, candor is welcome. Not that it’s easy. Not that it’s going to be fun or comfortable, but that this is what we have to do because of what’s at stake. So I’m willing to ask for help when I’m in over my head. I’m willing to admit a mistake that I’ve made. You know, I’m willing to point out a flaw in your argument. And that’s that’s not again, that’s not the norm. That’s–and that’s what a psychologically safe environment is like. And it’s essential for effective teamwork.
Sam Jayanti [00:09:47] Yeah. And candor. I love that word. But distinct from sort of the radical candor that Ray Dalio or Bridgewater sort of espouses, right. So how so?
Amy Edmondson [00:09:58] I would say not necessarily distinct from but that you’re absolutely right. There’s a spectrum of, you know, a little bit of candor that’s not sort of normal, but maybe a little more open or I need help, you know? All the way up to absolutely radical candor of the way you’re handling yourself is, you know, just terrible. And let me tell you why. And so I don’t I don’t think it’s so much of a distinct categories. It’s just degrees of either directness and where–where you go. So part of Ray Dalio’s model is that a great deal of it is candor about personal feedback, like how you show up, how you come across, which the spirit of it is developmental and it’s to help you learn and grow. Now, I think it’s fair to say that many organizations don’t want to go there, and that’s probably okay. But Bridgewater does want to go there and they have a particular reason for wanting to go there. They have a theory that says each of us have to continue to develop ourselves with self-awareness–to understand better the impact we’re having on others. If we’re going to be really effective in the work we do. Yeah, so that’s their theory there. They’ve done a great deal of work to sort of make it possible. Yeah, but even without going to that extreme case, let’s just say your your clinician is taking care of patients in a hospital setting. It is far more natural than most people would think. If you’re not quite sure about something, you might just wait and see or hold back. Or if you think someone’s about to give the wrong dose, you sort of second guess yourself and you go, Oh, it’s I’m probably wrong inside your head, or often without even thinking about it. It’s so that, that just the tendency to hold back rather than to lean in is natural. It’s socialized the many, many factors that explain it. Yeah, but it’s a problem.
Sam Jayanti [00:11:56] Yeah. Yeah, absolutely. It’s–I’m struck by something I was reading as I was looking through your work, which was you had described at one point that in the hospital context and much of your research, I think, is focused on that, right? More teams that feel a higher degree of psychological safety actually make more mistakes but are more productive.
Amy Edmondson [00:12:22] They may not make more mistakes. The funny thing that I discovered many years ago was that better teams were reporting more mistakes. Right. And truthfully, we couldn’t get accurate measures of how many mistakes get made right? Because unless they happen to lead into something terrible, in which case we find out about it more often than not, mistakes happen, but don’t really cause undue harm. So it’s essentially self-report, so they’re more willing to speak up about the mistakes. And why would they do that weird thing that most of us don’t love to raise our hand and tell each other about our mistakes? Because they have deeply understood what’s at stake. They understand that their individual willingness to do this hard thing just may save a life at some point.
Sam Jayanti [00:13:13] Yeah, I mean, that makes a ton of sense. And that’s certainly a live or die type environment where these things matter more than anywhere else.
Amy Edmondson [00:13:19] Right. And it’s a part of what, you know, I didn’t set out to study health care. It wasn’t a particular interest of mine, but it is a place where the dynamics are more extreme, the consequences are more extreme. So it’s like a laboratory where you can–you can just see things playing out more easily because of this more extreme context. So, I learned a lot from health care and then I said, okay, let’s–let’s go see whether this applies, you know, at a midwestern manufacturer. Turns out it does.
Sam Jayanti [00:13:49] That’s super interesting. You’ve also written and talked about this idea of extreme teaming. So tell us about that.
Amy Edmondson [00:13:58] I spent a few years very interested in sort of large–I’m still interested–in large social problems, you know, sustainability challenges, built environment challenges, you know, poverty or education problems in a city. And you if you go and look at any one of these challenges, you will find that they need to be addressed by not just multiple disciplines but by multiple organizations and sometimes even multiple sectors. So you might have City Hall involved and local businesses involved and educators and business developers, and they’re coming together to try to put together a program to say, you know, alleviate youth unemployment or building–I spent some time studying the design and creation of some smart cities, some smart city projects, and again, real estate developers, you know, software types, city hall, very different mindsets, very different skill sets, different mental models, about time frame. And what I found pretty early on was that they’re talking right by each other and not even realizing it at that there’s such a culture clash between industries and the problems or the work is so challenging that unless they sort of figure out how to break down the walls between these sectors and disciplines, they just don’t make progress. They end up they end up getting stuck.
Sam Jayanti [00:15:32] So there’s so many problems in our society today that this logic applies to right? We’ve almost become so specialized a society that the ability for people to have a conversation, but more than just have a conversation, actually work on problem solving in an interdisciplinary manner so that there’s a practical, measurable solution that’s delivered to some of these societal problems poverty, homelessness, health care access, so many things, right? What is that breakdown about, do you think? How is there a solution to that?
Amy Edmondson [00:16:13] Yeah, there isn’t one solution. I think there are many factors, many tactics that need to be considered and experimented with. But you’re absolutely right. I mean, the challenges are immense, and I think sometimes that’s a causal factor in its own right because it just seems too overwhelming. And then you just think, well, I guess I’ll just do you know, I’ll do my part, I’ll do my job, and I’ll try to do my job well. But if I sit around and think about climate change, it’s just too vague, It’s too hard. So we go back to our silo or back to our narrow focus and just try to do it well, which is understandable, but ultimately doesn’t solve the problems that we face. And I think there’s also a dearth of sort of real leadership, people willing to kind of stand up and say, I’m going to take this on.
Sam Jayanti [00:17:11] Yeah.
Amy Edmondson [00:17:12] And get people excited and energized and sort of willing to.
Sam Jayanti [00:17:17] And do you feel there’s more of a lack of that real leadership here in the US compared to other places you’ve worked and observed around the world?
Amy Edmondson [00:17:25] I haven’t studied that question systematically, but my intuition would be, yes.
Sam Jayanti [00:17:30] Yeah, and why is that?
Amy Edmondson [00:17:32] You know, I think today in the US we are more focused on material success than ever, and the longest way to arrive at material success is probably to address one of these really thorny societal wicked problems. And. So it’s just people are looking for a shortcut. I mean, they’re looking for what’s what’s the best way for me to be successful?
Sam Jayanti [00:17:58] What’s the shortest path, in a way?
Amy Edmondson [00:17:59] And that isn’t it.
Sam Jayanti [00:18:02] Yeah, it’s I think, you know, in the US, maybe we had a time when economic success didn’t feel like a zero-sum game. And now it feels like we’ve been in a period where more and more people feel that’s the case. And–and the impact that has on all of these behaviors and the lack, as you said, of individuals actually wanting to do something for more than just their material success is it’s a very small population, really.
Amy Edmondson [00:18:35] I think that’s right. And if you if you think that if you even at an unconscious level, if you think that your success is going to take away some of my success, then the last thing you will be willing to do is team up with others in, you know, to tackle these really big challenges.
Sam Jayanti [00:18:52] Yeah.
Amy Edmondson [00:18:52] Yeah. Because you’re inherently seeing others as competitors for scarce resources, not as treasures, right? Collaborators without whom you will not be able to have an impact on the world.
Sam Jayanti [00:19:05] Yeah, totally. More on that later. I want to take a quick look at this clip in which you describe the environment that faces every leader today. Let’s take a quick look.
Amy Edmondson [00:19:19] One thing we know for sure is that more upheavals are coming in a completely interconnected world, a single political uprising, a viral video, a distant tsunami, or a tiny virus can send shockwaves around the world. Upheaval creates fear, and in the midst of it, people crave security, which can incline leaders toward the usual tropes of strength, confidence, constancy. But it won’t work. We have to flip the leadership playbook.
Sam Jayanti [00:19:50] So, Amy, so many forces coming at every leader, whether in the middle or upper levels or wherever within an organization, public, private sector, for a profit, nonprofit, how can they prepare for all of these unforeseen, you know, kind of shocks almost coming at them, right?
Amy Edmondson [00:20:13] There’s probably no way to prepare or technically, you can’t figure out what all these shocks are going to be almost by definition. So what would they need to do instead is prepare themselves kind of emotionally and cognitively for the reality that you will never have all the answers. You will never know everything that’s coming at you. So there’s a there’s a great humility there, right? Just situational humility, not false modesty, but a sense that, okay, I don’t know. So now what? Right. And then that has to–I think you have to prepare yourself by reinvigorating your natural curiosity that often gets lost along the way and develop your empathy muscles. Because I think great, great leadership is about inspiring others to work really hard because they want to write, because they think what they’re being asked to do or invited to do is meaningful, important, will make a difference, can be done with other people whom they respect and appreciate the chance to work with. And the leadership model that allows that to happen is fundamentally humble, curious, respectful.
Sam Jayanti [00:21:28] Yeah.
Amy Edmondson [00:21:29] …And passionate–I think passionate about I think the difference we’re trying to make and coming back to that again and again.
Sam Jayanti [00:21:36] Yeah, So I have my own theory about this, but I’m very curious to hear yours. So CEO tenure has gone further and further down. Right.
Amy Edmondson [00:21:44] Yeah.
Sam Jayanti [00:21:45] I think, you know, for talented individuals in almost every industry, the rate at which we now expect them to evolve their roles and move on to the next job and there’s lots of this sort of up or out and so on, right? The result of it all is that even though what you’re describing really is a fairly intuitive set of principles and qualities that are just good to have at a human level for every person, and yet the struggles with them are so real. Is it just idiosyncratic and individual? Is it, you know, kind of some weird amalgam of individual circumstances? Why does it fail? Or why are so many leaders finding themselves failing in situations?
Amy Edmondson [00:22:41] You know, I think we have never had so much–too big forces that are relatively new. One is just the scrutiny, right, that you will be caught on camera. You will be you are just visible all the time.
Sam Jayanti [00:22:58] Constantly under a microscope.
Amy Edmondson [00:22:59] And it’s like you’re on stage under a microscope all the time. And that’s just A: exhausting and B: fraught with potential risk. Exactly. And the other, which is not unrelated, but it’s the 24/7 sort of work expectations that you’re never off, which is different than being never visible. It’s just plain work. There’s this expectation that, you know, it’s very little expectation that this sort of the workday ends and you go home and you’re with your family or you’re out on the golf course or whatever it is, you want to do it right. So if you have one of these roles–in fact, I had a CEO in m class recently who said to the 85 students in my classroom, I basically now have I had my job, which, you know, he’s very passionate about. So I have my family and I exercise and that’s it. I don’t have friends. I don’t– it wasn’t because he was scared of having–but it’s just that, you know.
Sam Jayanti [00:23:56] There’s no time to do it.
Amy Edmondson [00:23:58] Having this CEO role, you know, of a public company is such that that’s all I can do. That was not true historically. So asking people to sort of essentially drop everything else and putting them in the limelight where they’re just visible all the time, that’s a pretty hard job.
Sam Jayanti [00:24:20] Right? Yeah. I mean, you’re expecting them to totally subsume themselves to the job, in a sense.
Amy Edmondson [00:24:25] It doesn’t seem terribly healthy or–and especially because we’re losing so much expertise and learning if people are only in these roles for a short time, it’s by the time you really understand the place and are making some progress towards very challenging long term goals, you’re out of there and someone else comes in.
Sam Jayanti [00:24:44] Yeah, and that’s so true. And yet we have some of these leaders, right, like a Jamie Dimon and tons of others who sort of stand the test of time and go from kind of success to success. And is there a quality that you think some of those might share in common?
Amy Edmondson [00:25:03] I don’t know if there’s a quality they share in common, but they must must have figured something out about how to–how to sustain their energy and their engagement and their interest. So maybe they have found ways… they’re worth looking into.
Sam Jayanti [00:25:22] Sort of a cycle of renewal for themselves.
Amy Edmondson [00:25:23] The cycle of renewal to sort of when they go, you know, when they go offline, they go offline. Also, I do believe, you know, the only way to really do this is to truly trust and empower others. You know, if you are…I don’t want to put it this way, but a control freak, you can’t do it. But if you have a great team and you can trust them and they’ll get in touch with you if some, you know, absolutely unexpected thing happens and you need to be gotten in touch with. But otherwise if you can trust that team, you’re probably better off. So maybe that brings us the real skill is the ability to build a great team.
Sam Jayanti [00:26:01] Yeah. So, so many leaders are turning more and more to coaching to get objective advice when they feel they’re in a place that’s somewhat lonely. Right. And there are some questions you can ask of your teammates. There is advice you can gather from the people surrounding you, and then in the end, you’re tasked with making a decision for the team. What role has coaching played in your life and career?
Amy Edmondson [00:26:30] Oh, I’ve I’m embarrassed now to say I’ve never had a formal coach. I certainly have had fabulous friends who, you know, friends and colleagues who have coached me at senior faculty or later in my career who coached me. I’ve had, you know, people who’ve given me great advice but also great opportunities to talk and just be heard. So I think that’s a–so I think that’s a very powerful experience to…
Sam Jayanti [00:27:01] Yes, it is.
Amy Edmondson [00:27:02] …be heard especially. And I think that’s what good coaches do. I mean, they’re playing that role of listening and being willing to honestly reflect and talk about what they’re hearing, what might be missing and what might help. And that is, you know, that is the ultimate sort of safe space, psychologically safe space where there’s candor, where it’s about learning. It’s about your growth and learning. It’s about stretching a little bit. So maybe there’s a relationship here between, you know, the growth in coaching acceptability, but also its use may be related to the fact that people are feeling too visible and unsafe in their roles. So they need to have somewhere that they can retreat to and get into it.
Sam Jayanti [00:27:51] No, I think that’s so true. And as you were saying, you know, being able to be coached by somebody who has an understanding of your context because they understand, you know, what it’s like to be in a classroom or what it’s like to be the CEO or your industry or whatever that might be. You know, we find this all the time is hugely important to a productive kind of coaching relationship.
Amy Edmondson [00:28:20] It is. We also at NHPS have put together some programs for new CEOs where they come, and it’s very confidential and Chatham House rules and so forth. But they get great solace out of sharing insights with each other and just realizing that they have so much in common.
Sam Jayanti [00:28:39] Right. They’re not alone.
Amy Edmondson [00:28:40] They’re not alone in that sort of–they can let their guard down in that room with three faculty present and talk about some real challenges that they face.
Sam Jayanti [00:28:49] Yeah. Makes sense. I want to talk a little bit more about psychological safety. How do you feel it’s become distorted?
Amy Edmondson [00:28:59] Well, it has indeed become distorted. It’s it has become virtually synonymous with feeling comfortable at that psychological safety. Many people are using it to mean that I get all my needs met at work. I feel comfortable. I, I shouldn’t be pushed or stressed or, you know, unhappy in some way, which is not what I meant. I mean, I can understand the misperceptions. I think the term itself sounds very soft and comfortable. I’d love–I like to say it’s actually about I think psychological safety could better be described as a state of feeling comfortable being uncomfortable. Like you understand yep, that’s the human condition, right? I won’t be comfortable all the time. Sure. I’ll be comfortable with my friends and off, you know, various times. But there will be a lot of times where I’m not comfortable because I’m growing and learning or doing something hard or hearing something I don’t want to hear.
Sam Jayanti [00:29:59] Yeah.
Amy Edmondson [00:30:00] But I’m willing, in fact, even eager to do that because of what’s at stake.
Sam Jayanti [00:30:05] Right. Is there–is there do you see a pattern in terms of a population or a context where the term gets misinterpreted?
Amy Edmondson [00:30:16] Probably the most dominant one is in in the tech sector, I think where a lot of people have interpreted to mean, again, I feel comfortable, job security, I can say anything I want, but there’ll be no repercussions for for any of it versus I really do feel able to learn and grow and contribute and do hard things. Yeah, with others.
Sam Jayanti [00:30:44] It’s also, you know, in the end, I think in the context that you were talking about is professional and is work and and sometimes not that it also–psychological transparency also applies in a sort of familiar or personal context right? But with a different set of people. And with different relationships. And the very nature of those relationships is different.
Amy Edmondson [00:31:09] Right. You know, somebody asked me the other day whether psychological safety and belonging were synonymous, and I had to say no. First of all, they’re defined differently. But second of all, you can you can envision a situation where you feel a great deal of belonging but no psychological safety to speak up candidly. You could be a nurse in a hospital and absolutely have no question that you belong there. And yet, you know, someone is about to do something wrong and you’re not quite sure whether you can say something. Similarly, there are families where you better believe you feel you belong in them, but you’d never tell your parents, you know what you really did last night. So no psychological safety, lots of belonging.
Sam Jayanti [00:31:56] Very different terms. I totally agree. So last question, Amy, a part from the leaders that we coach, we coach a number of young professionals, many of whom in these last few years have founded an especially challenging time to be in the workplace. Do you have thoughts on this? I mean, you must observe this in the classroom as well. What do you think is causing that?
Amy Edmondson [00:32:24] I think we have a–we have really generally underestimated the cost, the impact, the sort of psychological impact of remote work. And I mean, it’s not that it’s not that remote work is bad. Of course not. And hybrid work is certainly here to stay, but we underestimate what it does to us when we are alone too much or we’re not just around others. There is a certain magic and a connectedness of just being together. There’s there’s the laughter, there is the sort of reading facial expressions, and I think people are feeling disconnected, they’re feeling lonely, they’re feeling mental health challenges and they’re not knowing what to attribute it to. So they’re attributing it to whatever. It’s just my life is hard or life is hard versus, you know, maybe we just haven’t made enough eye contact recently or we haven’t been together. We haven’t had those spontaneous moments of feeling connected. We are social animals. We need to be together.
Sam Jayanti [00:33:34] Yeah, Yeah. 100%. Any last parting thoughts before we wrap up?
Amy Edmondson [00:33:42] Well, I suppose the last thing I’ll say is things will keep going, we’ll keep having challenges, right? We’ll keep having failures. We’ll keep having learning opportunities. That’s got to be accepted as the given or that’s anticipated. But I do–I do think they’re easier to sort of accept and navigate skillfully together. There’s something wonderful about being able to team up with people you respect and like to tackle these things.
Sam Jayanti [00:34:18] 100% I mean, without it, I think we just don’t problem solve in a in a timely or particularly effective way because the lack of anything but a single perspective really turns into an impediment.
Amy Edmondson [00:34:30] Thats right. So it’s A: it’s more fun and then B: it’s actually higher quality problem-solving. You go down a cognitive path of your own and you just don’t–you don’t really recognize the opportunity to sort of pivot and try something else.
Sam Jayanti [00:34:45] Tootally. Well, Amy, thank you. It’s been a pleasure to have you.
Amy Edmondson [00:34:47] Thank you for having me.
Narrator [00:34:51] Thanks for listening. Please subscribe wherever you listen and leave us a review. Find your ideal coach at www.theideamix.com. Special thanks to our producer Martin Milewski and singer songwriter Doug Allen.
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